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The Mangystau region
Official internet resource of the region akimat
Water supply
Added: 26.06.2015
Changed: 01.01.1970
Viewed: 3595

Water supply in urban areas.

The region is located in a semi-desert region, water resources are very limited. The development of natural resources in the region, creation of adequate conditions for the intensive development of the economy requires a large volume of high-quality water. Today, demand for fresh water in the region is provided by desalination plants "MAEK-Kazatomprom" LLP and transported via conduit "Astrakhan-Mangyshlak" by water of Volga.

There are 3 cities in region – Aktau, Zhanaozen and Fort-Shevchenko.

Access to piped water supply is 98.5% for urban population, in particular in Aktau - 100% ("MAEK-Kazatomprom" LLP, mcrd Kuyulus), Zhanaozen - 95% (Astrakhan-Mangyshlak, mcrd Tuyesu, Sauyskan). Water supply source for Fort Shevchenko is decentralized (mcrd Ketik, desalination plant Bauta).

The total length of water supply networks in the cities of the region is 1460.5 km, which are in municipal ownership. 679.4 km of water networks, or 55.2%, are in the rundown condition. A large share of this indicator is wear networks of Aktau - 78%, or 315.37 km.

MUS "Caspian Zhylu, suarnasy", by means of borrowed money of EBRD, signed an agreement on the reconstruction of water supply network number 1, 2, 3, 3A, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 14, 15, 22, 23 of microdistricts in  Aktau. Design estimates for the projects has been developed. The state expert appraisel gave positive conclusion. The estimated cost of the project is 1.215 billion tenge. In 2013, the national budget has been allocated 500.0 million tenge for the beginning of this project, which moved to 2014. In 2014  307.442 million tenge from the republican budget and 165.446 million tenge from the local budget are provided. Completion of object is planned for the end of 2015.

100% supply of the urban population in the region will be achieved as a result of construction completion of Primorsky housing estate water supply, potable water of Fort Shevchenko in 2014, the water supply system of new districts "Zhuldyz" and "Merey" of Zhanaozen in 2015.

33.7 km of urban water supply networks were replaced in 2010, in 2011 - 64.4 km, in 2012 - 10 km, 27.5 km replaced in 2013, it is planned to replace the 23.3 km in 2014, in 2015 . - 23.3 km.

As a result, the number of accidents and shutdowns amounted to 1907 units in 2010, in 2011 - 1629 units, in 2012 – 997 units. In 2013, the number reached 853 units, in 2014 it is planned to reduced to 767 units, in 2015 - 649 units.

The population in the cities of the region is equipped with water metering devices to 91.5% in 2010, in 2011 -92.6% 2012 - 93%, in 2013 - 100%.

Water supply in rural areas.

There are 28 villages that have access to piped water ("MAEK-Kazatomprom" LLP, conduit "Astrakhan-Mangyshlak", mcrd Tuyesu, Sauyskan, Kuyulus, Tororpa, Onda, Shaiyr) in the Mangystau region, 24 villages use decentralized water supply (mcrd Sam, Karagaily, Akkuduk, Akmish, Sauskan, Ulanak, Tuschibek, Becky, Bozdak), 8 villages use imported water (mcrd Baskuduk).

Therewith 46.7% of the rural population have access to piped water.

The total length of water supply systems in rural areas is 495.14 km, which are in the municipal property. 104.32 km of water networks, or 21% in the rundown condition.

142,7 km of rural water supply networks was build in 2011, in 2012 -163.7 km, 28.4 km - in 2013 and it is planned to construct 150.6 km in 2014, and in 2015 - 335.6 km.

Оснащенность приборами учета воды в сельских населенных пунктах области в 2011 году – 10 %, в 2012 году –11,1%, 2013 году - 20,8 %, в 2014 году планируется увеличить до 23,3 %, в 2015 году –57,7 %.

In 2011, 10% of the population of rural areas in the region was equipped with water metering devices, in 2012 – 11.1%, 2013 – 20,8%, in 2014 it is planned to increase to 23,3 %,  in 2015 – 57,7 %..

Sewerage system

There is sewerage systems and wastewater treatment systems only in the city of Aktau and Zhanaozen. 31 sewage facilities operates in the region. The length of the sewage network is 403.8 km, which are in the communal property, 302.26 km of which need to be replaced. Sewerage networks in operation for over 30 years and have a wear rate 79%, sewage pumping stations - 80%, sewage treatment plants 90%.

Most companies that provide services of water and sewer systems to date, characterized by a low degree of financial stability and are unprofitable. In this situation, the problem is in the ratio of business tariffs for the services of water and (or) sewer systems, and household income (without taking into consideration the level of management in these enterprises).

In the cities of Aktau (COP-1, COP-2) and Zhanaozen (COP) use centralized wastewater.

Public access to centralized sewerage system in cities is 93.1%. There are mainly individual housing construction (single and two-storey homes / cottages) in the villages, which set a septic tank.

It is planned to increase the level of availability of sanitation services in 2014 - 21.4%, in 2015 - 57.9%, upon completion of the construction of the sanitary sewage in Fort Shevchenko in 2014, the sewerage system in the village of Shetpe in 2016.

MUS "Caspian Zhylu, su Arnasy", by means of borrowd money of EBRD, signed an agreement on the reconstruction of gravity sewer network length of 24.1 km in the districts 3, 3A, 3B, 4,5,7,8,9,11,12, gravity collector along the street №12 and pressure collectors KNS-1a, 2, 5, 10. This project is being implemented since 2014, when the national budget allocate 254.180 million tenge. Object transferring to 2015.

3.7 km of sewerage networks replaced in 2010, in 2011 - 7.1 km, in 2012 - 2.4 km, in 2013 - 30.445 km, 4.2 km  will be replaced in 2014, in 2015 - 4.5 km.

As a result, the number of accidents on sewerage networks decreases each year. Thus, in 2010 the number of accidents and shutdowns amounted to 4828 units, in 2011 - 4388 units, in 2012 - 2891, in 2013 - 2024. The largest share of this figure is sewerage network of Zhanaozen.

of Mangistau region
Трумов Серикбай Утелгенович